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Bye, Susan. "Spirits of Times Past: Fantasy, tradition and identity in spirited away." Screen Education (2012): 121–28. 
Added by: joachim (1/9/14, 3:09 PM)   
Resource type: Journal Article
Language: en: English
BibTeX citation key: Bye2012
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Categories: General
Keywords: Animation, Japan, Miyazaki. Hayao, Randformen des Comics
Creators: Bye
Collection: Screen Education
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Spirited Away (2001) is an elusive but evocative film that demands and at the same time resists interpretation. In making the film, director Hayao Miyazaki drew on the animism of the Shinto tradition and the Japanese nostalgia for the past, or furusato, to create a fantastical space in which to explore ideas about community, culture and the natural world. Miyazaki’s work as a whole is driven by the notion of loss, and is frequently concerned with the destruction of the environment. In Spirited Away, the preoccupation with the vulnerability of the natural world is compounded by a focus on the failure of tradition and the collapse of cultural identity. Through the protagonist, the ten-year-old Chihiro, Miyazaki explores the possibility of reconnecting the present and the past in a process of mediation and renewal. As Chihiro makes her way through the complex fantastical spaces of the film, she increasingly takes on the role of intermediary between the disparate elements of the world in which she finds herself.
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