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Shaner, Andrew. "Defining Steampunk Through the Films of Hayao Miyazaki." BA Thesis. Pennsylvania State University, 2011. 
Added by: joachim (9/17/13, 2:57 PM)   Last edited by: joachim (9/17/13, 5:15 PM)
Resource type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: en: English
BibTeX citation key: Shaner2011
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Categories: General
Keywords: Animation, Japan, Miyazaki. Hayao, Randformen des Comics, Steampunk
Creators: Shaner
Publisher: Pennsylvania State University
Views: 17/655
Attachments   URLs ... 1_ShanerAndrew.pdf
Steampunk is a subgenre of speculative fiction that often explores an alternate future and that borrows from many characteristics of Victorian England in terms of visual style, social strata, and cultural beliefs. However, what characterizes steampunk is the presence of advanced technology in a retrofuturist, “road not taken” context. Airships, clockwork machinery, and steampowered mechanical devices all play large roles in steampunk society. The “punk” aspect references the plotlines of these stories, often revolving around elements of rebellion and social change. Steampunk has risen in popularity in novelized fiction, comic books, videogames, fashion, and film. In exploring this very specific genre, I will examine the visual representations of steampunk through the animation and visual style of Japanese anime director Hayao Miyazaki. His films have risen to prominence and continue to be critically successful all around the world. Miyazaki’s works have a distinct visual style which is considered to be steampunk. This paper will analyze what makes each film steampunk and what unifies all of his films visually in this way. Ultimately, I will derive a working definition of visual steampunk and prove that Miyazaki himself is the originator and perpetuator of steampunk as a visual aesthetic. Furthermore, I will uncover the reason for the consistency in style in his films and determine the reason for their popularity.

Table of Contents

Abstract (i)
Acknowledgements (iii)

Introduction (1)

Hayao Miyazaki (7)
– Studio Ghibli (9)
– Common Animation Techniques (9)
– Common Themes (11)

Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (15)

Castle in the Sky (20)

Kiki’s Delivery Service (27)

Porco Rosso (31)

Princess Mononoke (36)

Howl’s Moving Castle (40)

Steampunk As Told By Miyazaki (43)
– Steampunk in Literature (45)
– Steampunk in Hollywood (46)
– Steampunk in Music, Fashion, and Lifestyle (47)
– Steampunk in Other Media (49)
– Steampunk’s Future (50)
– Conclusion (51)

Works Cited (54)

Academic Vitae (60)

Added by: joachim  Last edited by: joachim
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