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Coward, John M. "Making Sense of Savagery: Native american cartoons in the daily graphic." Visual Communication Quarterly 19. (2012): 200–15. 
Added by: joachim (8/28/13, 2:08 PM)   
Resource type: Journal Article
Language: en: English
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1080/15551393.2012.735572
BibTeX citation key: Coward2012
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Categories: General
Keywords: Caricature, Ethnicity, Randformen des Comics, USA
Creators: Coward
Collection: Visual Communication Quarterly
Views: 11/504
This article examines the creation and meaning of American Indian savagery in editorial cartoons in New York City’s Daily Graphic, the world’s first illustrated daily newspaper. The research focuses on Indian images at two historical moments: before and after the Battle of the Little Bighorn. The Daily Graphic featured several ghostlike Indian spirits and comic caricatures before the battle. These figures were racially stereotyped but presented as harmless, even playful. Such images disappeared after the battle, when The Graphic published a number of inflammatory cartoons depicting dark, angry, and armed Indian warriors as threats to U.S. society. The Graphic soon moderated its imagery, however, and began depicting both hostile and peaceful Indians. The Daily Graphic’s visual shifts demonstrate the nation’s long-standing ambivalence toward Indians and their place in nineteenth-century American life.
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