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Scott, Suzanne. "Fangirls in refrigerators: The politics of (in)visibility in comic book culture." Transformative Works and Cultures 13 2013. Accessed 17Jun. 2013. <http://journal.transfor ... wc/article/view/460/384>. 
Added by: joachim (6/17/13, 11:42 AM)   Last edited by: joachim (6/17/13, 11:51 AM)
Resource type: Web Article
Language: en: English
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.3983/twc.2013.0460
BibTeX citation key: Scott2013
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Categories: General
Keywords: Fandom, Gender, Superhero, USA
Creators: Scott
Collection: Transformative Works and Cultures
Views: 28/570
Attachments   URLs   http://journal.tra ... ticle/view/460/384
In 1999, Gail Simone circulated a list of female comic book characters who had been “depowered, raped, or cut up and stuck in the refrigerator,” sparking a dialogue about gender and comic book culture that continues today. In particular, 2011 and 2012 have been marked by an exponential growth in conversations and criticisms surrounding the state of women in comics, both as producers and consumers. Through a survey of how scholars have gendered comic book readership, an overview of recent incidents that have renewed concern about women in comics, and an analysis of one transformative intervention in the wake of these conversations, this essay broadly discusses the relative invisibility of female comic book fans as a market segment and how fangirls are actively striving to become a visible and vocal force within comic book culture. This essay suggests that we are currently witnessing a transformative moment within comic book industry, comic book fandom, and comic book scholarship, in which gender is one of the primary axes of change.
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