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Scully, Richard. "The Cartoon Emperor: The impact of louis napoleon bonaparte on european comic art, 1848–1870." European Comic Art 4. (2011): 147–80. 
Added by: joachim (7/4/12, 10:38 PM)   
Resource type: Journal Article
Language: en: English
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.3828/eca.2011.13
BibTeX citation key: Scully2011
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Categories: General
Keywords: Caricature, Early forms of comics, Europe, History comics, Randformen des Comics
Creators: Scully
Collection: European Comic Art
Views: 4/660
Attachments   URLs   https://www.academ ... test_Punch_Cartoon
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte (1808–1873), one-time President of the Second French Republic (1848–1852) and Emperor of the French (as Napoleon III, 1852–1870) exercised a profound effect on European cartoonists and the comic art they produced during his lifetime. As a real historical personality, Louis Napoleon feared the power of the cartoon to make him appear ridiculous and instituted one of the most effective and heavy-handed regimes of censorship of comic art in all European history. Beyond the boundaries of the French Empire, he pressured neighbouring states to protect his image in similar fashion, but in Britain and Germany and beyond, the cartoon Napoleon III became not only ubiquitous in the satirical press, but also served as a powerful touchstone for emerging national identities. The real Louis Napoleon’s political and military influence was felt throughout Europe for over two decades, but his cartoon self was even more of a European phenomenon. Usually studied within national contexts, the ‘Cartoon Emperor’ needs to be studied transnationally in order fully to grasp his importance for developments in European history, as in European comic art.
Added by: joachim  
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