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Chaney, Michael A. "Terrors of the Mirror and the Mise en Abyme of Graphic Novel Autobiography." In: College Literature 38.3 (2011), S. 21–44. 
Added by: joachim (10/07/2011 12:35:54 PM)   Last edited by: joachim (02/25/2019 01:43:29 PM)
Resource type: Journal Article
Languages: English
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1353/lit.2011.0036
BibTeX citation key: Chaney2011
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Categories: General
Keywords: "American Elf", "Persepolis", Autobiography, France, Identity, Iran, Kochalka. James, Metaisierung, Psychoanalysis, USA
Creators: Chaney
Collection: College Literature
Views: 10/374
Why are so many of the most critically acclaimed graphic novels autobiographical? Why do so many of these works contain scenes of mirroring or the trope of mise en abyme, in which the picture has within it an identical miniature picture? This essay probes the formal mechanics of autobiographical graphic novels to show how mirror scenes and their self-conscious play with pictorial identity forge autobiographical subjects. This essay, therefore, analyzes not simply the form of autobiographical graphic novels but their formal unconscious as well. Drawing on comics scholarship, autobiography studies, and psychoanalysis, it investigates Marjane Satrapi’s Persepolis (2003) and James Kochalka’s American Elf: The Collected Sketchbook Diaries (2004) to show that in frequency and function these mirror moments mark “failed encounters with the real.”
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