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Norris, Craig. "The Cross-Cultural Appropriation of Manga and Anime in Australia." Thesis PhD. University of Western Sydney, 2003. 
Added by: joachim (12/23/10, 5:27 PM)   
Resource type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: en: English
BibTeX citation key: Norris2003
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Categories: General
Keywords: Animation, Australia, Fandom, Interculturalism, Japan, Manga
Creators: Norris
Publisher: University of Western Sydney (Penrith)
Views: 12/598
Attachments   URLs   http://handle.uws. ... :8081/1959.7/13320
This thesis is an investigation into the cross-cultural appropriation of manga and
anime by fans in Australia. I investigate the ways in which fans embark on ‘identity projects’ through manga and anime to construct a space where issues of gender politics, identity, and culture are explored. I argue that a key reason why many Western fans and scholars perceive manga and anime as “different” is its “Japaneseness”. The two key problems I address throughout this thesis are: how can we analyse the significance of the Japanese origins and context of manga and anime, and would the ‘identity projects’ that fans construct be possible without an appreciation of manga and anime’s Japaneseness? I explore these questions in terms of a number of key forms within manga and anime including cyberpunk, bishōnen (beautiful boys), otaku (fans), and anime forms that have had their “Japaneseness” softened. I discuss the way in which these manga and anime forms offer different spaces for fans, scholars, and cultural industries to contest, rework, and reiterate the cultural value of manga and anime.
To understand the transnational opportunities and consequences being fostered within the Western appropriation of manga and anime forms, I combine an interdisciplinary approach drawing principally upon a political economy perspective (Iwabuchi, 2002c; Miyoshi, 1996) and cultural/fan readings (Gillespie, 2000; Jenkins, 1992, 2002). I use these approaches with my field research in Japan and Australia to consider the global/local flow of manga and anime, and the construction of national and transnational identifications by fans and scholars through these forms.

Table of Contents


CHAPTER 1 The Imagined Worlds of Anime Fans (8)
CHAPTER 2 Eyesight Culture: Framing Japan (31)
CHAPTER 3 Japanese Aesthetics in Manga and Anime: Forms of Resistance (60)
CHAPTER 4 Akira and Fan Constructions of Japan and Japaneseness (81)
CHAPTER 5 Perfect Blue: Identification and Popular Culture (106)
CHAPTER 6 Transnationalism and Anime (128)
CHAPTER 7 Global Identity Projects (151)

Japanese Word List (191)
Example Interview Transcript (193)
Added by: joachim  
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