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Gabilliet, Jean-Paul. "Comic art and bande dessinée: From the funnies to graphic novels." The Cambridge History of Canadian Literature. Eds. Coral Ann Howells and Eva-Marie Kröller. Cambridge [etc.]: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2009. 460–77. 
Added by: joachim (1/9/10, 11:22 AM)   Last edited by: joachim (5/14/19, 10:04 AM)
Resource type: Book Chapter
Language: en: English
DOI: 10.1017/CHOL9780521868761.025
BibTeX citation key: Gabilliet2009
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Categories: General
Keywords: Canada, Historical account
Creators: Gabilliet, Howells, Kröller
Publisher: Cambridge Univ. Press (Cambridge [etc.])
Collection: The Cambridge History of Canadian Literature
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English-language comics and French-language bande dessinée have been vivid elements in the landscape of Canadian news and entertainment media since the mid-nineteenth century. Before comics there was political and satirical cartooning. One prominent early figure of Canadian cartooning in the late nineteenth-century was Henri Julien. M. Hirsh and P. Loubert’s 1971 study The Great Canadian Comic Books introduced post-war generations to the previously neglected part of their national heritage. The 1960s was a time of change for comics: the medium in which output had from the early twentieth century traditionally been geared to children then became an important means of expression for the counter-culture. Unlike its American and European counterparts the Canadian literary avant-garde used comics to produce innovative expressive forms. The scattered small-press production of comic books riding the wave of Western counter-culture and local cultural nationalism in the late 1960s evolved into a small-scale industry. The graphic novel typifies the medium’s ability to engage fiction and autobiography.
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