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Rickman, Lance. "Bande Dessinée and the Cinematograph: Visual narrative in 1895." European Comic Art 1. (2008): 1–20. 
Added by: joachim (7/20/09, 1:29 AM)   Last edited by: joachim (10/11/13, 2:16 AM)
Resource type: Journal Article
Language: en: English
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.3828/eca.1.1.2
BibTeX citation key: Rickman2008a
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Categories: General
Keywords: Adaptation, Film, Film adaptation, France, Intermediality
Creators: Rickman
Collection: European Comic Art
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The Lumière brothers’ L’Arroseur arosé [‘The Sprinkler Sprinkled’] of 1895 was probably the first staged fiction film to be shown in public, but also the first cinematic adaptation of a comic strip, previous treatments of the subject including an Imagerie Quantin broadsheet by Hermann Vogel, a cartoon by Christophe in Le Petit Francais Illustré and an illustrated sequence by Uzès in Le Chat Noir. What emerges from direct comparison is an appreciation of the sophisticated narrative devices that French comic illustrators employed by the 1880s, namely a dynamic combination of shot scales, angles and heights that still conforms to the diegetic demands of consistent spatial continuity. In short, these were the techniques that, perversely, would come to be known as ‘cinematic’.
Added by: joachim  Last edited by: joachim
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