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Cohn, Neil und Eva Wittenberg: "Action starring narratives and events. Structure and inference in visual narrative comprehension." In: Journal of Cognitive Psychology 27.7 (2015), S. 812–828. 
Added by: joachim (03/30/2017 01:22:01 AM)   Last edited by: joachim (03/31/2017 11:50:16 AM)
Resource type: Journal Article
Languages: English
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2015.1051535
BibTeX citation key: Cohn2015
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Categories: General
Keywords: Cognition, Empirical research, Language, Narratology
Creators: Cohn, Wittenberg
Collection: Journal of Cognitive Psychology
Views: 12/327
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Abstract
Studies of discourse have long placed focus on the inference generated by information that is not overtly expressed, and theories of visual narrative comprehension similarly focused on the inference generated between juxtaposed panels. Within the visual language of comics, star-shaped “flashes” commonly signify impacts, but can be enlarged to the size of a whole panel that can omit all other representational information. These “action star” panels depict a narrative culmination (a “Peak”), but have content which readers must infer, thereby posing a challenge to theories of inference generation in visual narratives that focus only on the semantic changes between juxtaposed images. This paper shows that action stars demand more inference than depicted events, and that they are more coherent in narrative sequences than scrambled sequences (Experiment 1). In addition, action stars play a felicitous narrative role in the sequence (Experiment 2). Together, these results suggest that visual narratives use conventionalized depictions that demand the generation of inferences while retaining narrative coherence of a visual sequence.
  
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