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Cohn, Neil and Eva Wittenberg. "Action starring narratives and events: Structure and inference in visual narrative comprehension." Journal of Cognitive Psychology 27. (2015): 812–28. 
Added by: joachim (3/30/17, 1:22 AM)   Last edited by: joachim (3/31/17, 11:50 AM)
Resource type: Journal Article
Language: en: English
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2015.1051535
BibTeX citation key: Cohn2015
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Categories: General
Keywords: Cognition, Empirical research, Language, Narratology
Creators: Cohn, Wittenberg
Collection: Journal of Cognitive Psychology
Views: 69/1020
Studies of discourse have long placed focus on the inference generated by information that is not overtly expressed, and theories of visual narrative comprehension similarly focused on the inference generated between juxtaposed panels. Within the visual language of comics, star-shaped “flashes” commonly signify impacts, but can be enlarged to the size of a whole panel that can omit all other representational information. These “action star” panels depict a narrative culmination (a “Peak”), but have content which readers must infer, thereby posing a challenge to theories of inference generation in visual narratives that focus only on the semantic changes between juxtaposed images. This paper shows that action stars demand more inference than depicted events, and that they are more coherent in narrative sequences than scrambled sequences (Experiment 1). In addition, action stars play a felicitous narrative role in the sequence (Experiment 2). Together, these results suggest that visual narratives use conventionalized depictions that demand the generation of inferences while retaining narrative coherence of a visual sequence.
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