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Dolle-Weinkauff, Bernd. "Max und Moritz Across Media: And a closer look at the early comic strip." German Language Children’s and Youth Literature in the Media Network 1900–1945. Eds. Petra Josting, et al. Stuttgart: Palgrave Macmillan, 2023. 319–46. 
Added by: Dolle-Weinkauff (3/30/24, 6:36 PM)   Last edited by: joachim (3/31/24, 4:55 PM)
Resource type: Book Chapter
Language: de: Deutsch
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-476-05892-8_14
BibTeX citation key: DolleWeinkauff2023
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Categories: General
Keywords: "Max und Moritz", "The Katzenjammer Kids", Busch. Wilhelm, Comic strip, Dirks. Rudolph, Early forms of comics, Germany, Reception, USA
Creators: Dolle-Weinkauff, Illies, Josting, Preis, Weber
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan (Stuttgart)
Collection: German Language Children’s and Youth Literature in the Media Network 1900–1945
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When Wilhelm Busch created the picture story Max und Moritz (1865) by transforming the cautionary tale of bad boys into a story of boy’s pranks, it soon became the paradigmatic representative of a new genre. In the course of the following 50 years a long sequence of media appeared that referred to Busch’s work. Together with theatre in different forms the new media film and broadcast participated in this development. Nevertheless the print media, picture books and picture stories in periodical publications were the most important, leading factor: the numerous new editions and translations of Max und Moritz as well as the so-called “Buschiaden”, adaptations and parodies. These created the patterns for all other media. The history of the impact of Max and Moritz can thus be described as a rudimentary media network phenomenon, which is characterized by a sustained dominance of the source medium and the narrative presented in it. Marketing and systematic economic control, as they are inherent in modern media networks, on the other hand, remain rather underdeveloped. The change from one print medium to another is ultimately responsible for what is probably the most momentous development in terms of both genre and media history. With the reception of Busch’s paradigmatic stories about boy’s pranks in the popular weekly press of the United States, Rudolph Dirk’s series The Katzenjammer Kids (1897) founded a dynamic that led to the new narrative form comic strip by the turn of the century.
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