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von Holzen, Aleta-Amirée. "If They Only Knew: Die doppelidentität maskierter superhelden zwischen täuschung und authentizität." Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendliteraturforschung 2019. Accessed 12 Jan. 2020. < ... 9_91-104_B7d_Holzen.pdf>. 
Added by: joachim (1/12/20, 6:12 PM)   
Resource type: Web Article
Language: de: Deutsch
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.23795/JahrbuchGKJF2019-vonHolzen
BibTeX citation key: vonHolzen2019
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Categories: General
Keywords: "Spider-Man", Identity, Mask, Superhero, USA
Creators: von Holzen
Collection: Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendliteraturforschung
Views: 3/564
Attachments   URLs ... 104_B7d_Holzen.pdf
Many superheroes are not defined by their superpowers alone but also by their having established a double identity – wearing an actual mask while ‘working’ as a hero in public but hiding their superpowers by wearing a metaphorical mask in their civilian persona. In this article, double identity is investigated in relation to the secret and the mask as forms of social interaction. It is argued that stories about masked heroes tend to implicitly address matters of identity. On the one hand, a mask evokes the notion of an authentic self, either concealed or revealed by the mask; while on the other hand it also permits identity to be perceived as multiple and fluid. This article examines how two examples of the masked hero in the context of twentieth-century identity discourse, namely Marvel Comics’ Spider-Man/Peter Parker and Nova/Rich Rider, are linked with Erving Goffman’s self-presentation theory as well as with Robert Jay Lifton’s concept of the protean self.
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