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Gardner, Jared. "Film + Comics: A Multimodal Romance in the Age of Transmedial Convergence." Storyworlds across Media. Toward a Media-Conscious Narratology. Eds. Jared Gardner and Jan-Noël Thon. Frontiers of Narrative. Lincoln: Univ. of Nebraska Press, 2014. 193–210. 
Added by: joachim (1/26/15, 11:11 PM)   
Resource type: Book Chapter
Language: en: English
BibTeX citation key: Gardner2014
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Categories: General
Keywords: Adaptation, Film adaptation, Intermediality, Narratology
Creators: Gardner, Thon
Publisher: Univ. of Nebraska Press (Lincoln)
Collection: Storyworlds across Media. Toward a Media-Conscious Narratology
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“[…] Jared Gardner’s “Film + Comics: A Multimodal Romance in the Age of Transmedial Convergence” examines the relationship between graphic and audiovisual narratives from a […] historical perspective. Tracing the history of the intermedial relationship between comics and film from their birth at the end of the nineteenth century and their rise in popular demand throughout the twentieth century to the current situation, where film often appears to be the dominant partner, Gardner combines an encyclopedic knowledge of both film and comics history with an acute awareness of the institutional and economic contexts of convergent media culture in order to paint a precise picture of how the texts of each of these media are shaped, at least partly, by their long-standing intermedial relationship. According to Gardner, certain changes in the ways contemporary Hollywood cinema narrates its stories can be explained by the influence of comics’ conventions on both directors and spectators, as the advent of dvds increasingly taught the latter how to “read” films closely, engagedly, and repeatedly—that is, how to “read” films as comics readers tend to read comics. While comics have proved to be one of the media most resistant to digitalization, they also seem, at least to Gardner, to be the form most capable of teaching us how to explore the multimodal narratives of the twenty-first century. With their looping, elliptical, and multimodal storytelling strategies, comics have always been a medium open to experimentation, but their status as a “gutter form,” both in the formal and in the cultural sense, as well as their resistance to being co-opted by film and other media, serves as a reminder of the importance of institutional and cultural contexts for media-conscious narratology.” (From the editor’s introduction, p. 12–13)
Added by: joachim  Last edited by: joachim
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