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Garrett, Dan. "Superheroes in Hong Kong’s Political Resistance: Icons, images, and opposition." PS: Political Science and Politics 47. (2014): 112–19. 
Added by: joachim (1/8/14, 6:45 PM)   
Resource type: Journal Article
Language: en: English
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1017/S1049096513001637
BibTeX citation key: Garrett2014
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Categories: General
Keywords: "Captain America", Hong Kong, Politics, Superhero, USA
Creators: Garrett
Collection: PS: Political Science and Politics
Views: 3/542
In June 2013, explosive claims and illicit revelations of domestic and global American intelligence surveillance operations, hacking, and collaboration with US Internet and information technology behemoths rocked the world. Simultaneously, the mysterious emergence in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) of runaway American intelligence contractor Edward J. Snowden at the heart of the intrigue shoved the small enclave to the fore of global geopolitics. Claiming to rely on Hong Kong’s respect for the rule of law and tradition of dissent to shield him against American retaliation and extradition, the dubious protagonist’s statements ingratiated himself to local political groups who petitioned Hong Kong and central Chinese governments not to send him back to the United States. During “Defend Snowden” demonstrations at the US consulate in Hong Kong involving hundreds of supporters, placards bearing the image of US President Barack Obama parodied, mocked, and ridiculed the leader of the free world using iconic adaptations of Captain America, George Orwell’s “Big Brother,” and Shepard Fairey’s Obama “Hope” visuals. Instead of an icon of “American freedom and ideology” (Serwer 2008) and an “idealized American nation” (Dittmer 2005), Captain America, American president Barack Obama, and the United States of America were symbolically transformed into a signified Orwellian caped crusader threatening the world.
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