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Ramasubramanian, Srividya and Sarah Kornfield. "Japanese Anime Heroines as Role Models for U.S. Youth Wishful identification, parasocial interaction, and intercultural entertainment effects." Journal of International and Intercultural Communication 5.(2012). 
Added by: joachim (7/19/12, 2:20 PM)   Last edited by: joachim (4/5/14, 4:13 PM)
Resource type: Journal Article
Language: en: English
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1080/17513057.2012.679291
BibTeX citation key: Ramasubramanian2012
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Categories: General
Keywords: Animation, Empirical research, Fandom, Gender, Interculturalism, Japan, Manga, Reception, USA
Creators: Kornfield, Ramasubramanian
Publisher:
Collection: Journal of International and Intercultural Communication
Views: 1/347
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Abstract
This paper uses survey methods (N = 385) to examine the underlying processes through which U.S. fans create meaningful relationships with Japanese media characters. Specifically, this study tests an integrated model linking character perceptions, wishful identification, and parasocial relationships in the context of fans of shōjo, a heroine-centric genre of Japanese anime. Results suggest that liking a heroine’s pro-social traits leads to greater wishful identification and more intense parasocial relationships with the heroine. Theoretical implications for reception studies and intercultural entertainment, and practical implications for role-modeling effects of positive female characters on young audiences are discussed.
  
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