Pigeon, Gérard G. "Black Icons of Colonialism. African Characters in French Children’s Comic Strip Literature." In: Social Identities 2 (1996), S. 135–159.
Added by: joachim (2012-02-07 13:27) Last edited by: joachim (2018-11-08 17:37)
|Resource type: Journal Article
BibTeX citation key: Pigeon1996
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Keywords: Africa, Children’s and young adults’ comics, Colonialism, Ethnicity, France, Stereotypes
Collection: Social Identities
Created as an educational supplement, as the French Monarchy declined, French children’s literature quickly put itself at the service of the nation’s dominant colonial policy. If the fabrication of icons of African inferiority amused their primary readership, their systematic recurrence subliminally infiltrated the minds of the malleable young public and helped to propagate the political designs of colonial France. Starting with a demonstration of the vicious systematization of the ‘grammar’ of colonial ideology, I examine the ambiguity found in the European construction of the few existing black characters. I expose their inherent inner-contradictions and the problems caused by the inscription of the subjugated ‘other’ in all-encompassing hegemonic system.
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