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Kirsh, Steven J. and Paul V. Olczak. "Violent Comic Books and Perceptions of Ambiguous Provocation Situations." Media Psychology 2. (2000): 47–62. 
Added by: joachim (7/20/09, 1:29 AM)   Last edited by: joachim (2/10/14, 10:19 AM)
Resource type: Journal Article
Language: en: English
Peer reviewed
DOI: 10.1207/S1532785XMEP0201_3
BibTeX citation key: Kirsh2000
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Categories: General
Keywords: "Archie", "Spawn", Children’s and young adults’ comics, Empirical research, Media effects, Psychology, Superhero, USA, Violence
Creators: Kirsh, Olczak
Collection: Media Psychology
Views: 28/916
This study investigated the effects of reading very violent versus mildly violent comic books on the interpretation of ambiguous provocation situations, independent of trait hostility. 119 introductory psychology students read either a violent comic book, Curse of the Spawn, or a mildly violent comic book, Archie & Friends. After reading the comic books, participants read six short stories in which a child caused a negative event to happen to another child, but the intent of the peer causing this negative event was ambiguous. After each story, participants were asked a series of questions about the harmdoer's intent, potential retaliation toward the harm-doer, and about the harmdoer's emotional state. Responses were coded in terms of amount of negative and violent content. Results indicate that those male participants reading the violent comic books responded more negatively on the ambiguous provocation story questions than male participants reading the mildly violent comic books. For females, responding was primarily governed by trait hostility. These data suggest that hostile attributional bias may be influenced by gender, trait hostility, and exposure to violent media.
Added by: joachim  Last edited by: joachim
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