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Alonso Jerez, Marta. "New Gender Identities in the Twenty-First Century: Blending victorian and steampunk cultures." Victorianomania. Reimagining, Refashioning, and Rewriting Victorian Literature and Culture. Eds. Simonetta Falchi, Greta Perletti and Maria Isabel Romero Ruiz. Critica letteraria e linguistica. Milano: FrancoAngeli, 2015. 59–72. 
Added by: joachim (8/25/20, 5:11 PM)   Last edited by: joachim (8/26/20, 6:22 PM)
Resource type: Book Chapter
Language: en: English
BibTeX citation key: AlonsoJerez2015
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Categories: General
Keywords: "The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen", Adaptation, Butler. Judith, Film adaptation, Foucault. Michel, Gender, Identity, Mask, Moore. Alan, O’Neill. Kevin, Steampunk, United Kingdom
Creators: Alonso Jerez, Falchi, Perletti, Romero Ruiz
Publisher: FrancoAngeli (Milano)
Collection: Victorianomania. Reimagining, Refashioning, and Rewriting Victorian Literature and Culture
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Gender has historically been understood as two faces of the same coin, assigned according to biological sex and clearly distinguished by the features attributed to each of them. Therefore, they were expected to follow a certain set of rules which were different for each sex. However, gender is not considered in dual terms anymore. Critics like Judith Butler have proven that this duality does not fit the current identities that can be recognised. Cross-dressing, trans-gender and new femininities and masculinities blur this traditional division of gender. In fact, Butler considers these gendered identities as artificial constructs which are fully independent of biological sex and result from the cultural influence of social norms and ideas of a given period. Steampunk presents a dystopic, retrofuturistic world in which these blurred gendered identities are frequent. In fact, cross-dressing together with the externalization of inner identities by means of fashion and modding are common practices among the members of this community. Throughout my paper I will discuss the disappearance of these stereotypes and how it affects the world of steampunk, paying special attention to women within this group. As examples of my arguments I will address and contrast both Victorian and contemporary productions. Works belonging to the Victorian period will be contrasted with their steampunk re-interpretation, especially the character of Mina Harker in Bram Stoker's Dracula (1897) and Stephen Norrington's The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (2003). In my analysis, Butlerian ideas about gender and identity and Michel Foucault's notions about control and submission will also be highly relevant.
Added by: joachim  Last edited by: joachim
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