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Schimmelpfennig, Annette. "Capitalism and Schizophrenia in Gotham City – The Fragile Masculinities of Christopher Nolan’s The Dark Knight Trilogy." Gender Forum 62 2017. Accessed 20May. 2019. < ... uperheroes_Complete.pdf>. 
Added by: joachim (5/20/19, 8:54 PM)   
Resource type: Web Article
Language: en: English
Peer reviewed
BibTeX citation key: Schimmelpfennig2017
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Categories: General
Keywords: "Batman", Adaptation, Film adaptation, Gender, Superhero, USA
Creators: Schimmelpfennig
Collection: Gender Forum
Views: 9/320
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My article examines the various presentations of masculinity in Christopher Nolan’s The Dark Knight Trilogy and their dependency on gadgets and theatricality. The success of a man’s performance of his masculinity is measured in how convincing he is as either hero or villain and in his exertion of power. I argue thereby that the men appearing in the three installments are stereotypes that cater to a heteronormative world view and constantly need to reassure their sexuality and gender affiliation to persist within the society of Gotham. By contrasting the films’ protagonist Bruce Wayne and his superhero alter ego Batman with the villains, I conclude that the masculinities are fragile because they strongly depend on money, physical strength and control over other, physically and financially weaker people, otherwise they are not of value for the predominant heterocentric, capitalist community. I thus want to stress that the city (and through it the films themselves) requires an immaculate masculinity that is as good as unattainable and promotes obsolete role models. Furthermore, I will point out the subordinate role of femininity in the films which again emphasize the films’ focus on the desire for a hypermasculine saviour.
Added by: joachim  Last edited by: joachim
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