BOBC     Bonner Online-Bibliographie zur Comicforschung

WIKINDX Resources

Baetens, Jan: "Graphic novels." In: The Cambridge History of the American Novel. Hrsg. v. Leonard Cassuto, Clare Virginia Eby und Benjamin Reiss. Cambridge [etc.]: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2011, S. 1137–1153. 
Added by: joachim (04 Nov 2014 15:43:15 Europe/Berlin)   
Resource type: Book Article
Languages: englisch
DOI: 10.1017/CHOL9780521899079.075
BibTeX citation key: Baetens2011e
Email resource to friend
View all bibliographic details
Categories: General
Keywords: Gattung, USA
Creators: Baetens, Cassuto, Eby, Reiss
Publisher: Cambridge Univ. Press (Cambridge [etc.])
Collection: The Cambridge History of the American Novel
Views: 3/196
Views index: 4%
Popularity index: 1%
“Comics are suddenly everywhere,” claims Jared Gardner in one of the many scholarly essays that have been devoted to this cultural form in recent years. And one of the places they are is certainly literature, more particularly the novel. It has now become perfectly thinkable that future editions of the Norton anthology or one of its many competitors will have a section on graphic novels. This situation is fairly new, for if comics have been knocking at literature’s door for many decades now, where they occupy one of the niches of so-called paraliterature, the association with the novel is more topical. Of course, there has always been a flourishing branch of comics that specializes in the adaptation of literary material (Moby-Dick may be the best-represented example), but these productions were not considered literary works themselves –despite the undeniable quality of some of these adaptations. On the contrary, books like Will Eisner’s A Contract with God (1978), Harvey Pekar’s series American Splendor (seventeen issues, written between 1976 and 1993), Art Spiegelman’s Maus (two volumes, 1986–1991), Daniel Clowes’s Ghost World (1997), Chris Ware’s Jimmy Corrigan (2000), Adrian Tomine’s Sleepwalk (2002), Charles Burns’s Black Hole (2005), to name just a few (though far from arbitrarily chosen), are nowadays often read as novelistic productions, albeit of a special kind.
How has this become possible, and what does it mean? Within the field of comics, it appears that a subgenre has emerged – the graphic novel – and its status has shifted from paraliterary to literary. Such an answer, which is not false per se, raises many other questions.
wikindx 5.7 ©2018 | Total resources: 12235 | Username: -- | Bibliography: WIKINDX Master Bibliography | Style: Comicforschung-Bibliographie Stil (CFB) | Database queries: 55 | DB execution: 0.25369 secs | Script execution: 0.27028 secs

PHP execution time: 0.01561 s
SQL connection time: 0.00021 s
SQL execution time: 0.25348 s
TPL rendering time: 0.00119 s
Total elapsed time: 0.27028 s
Peak memory usage: 1.8033 MB
Memory at close: 1.7521 MB